Indonesia has a variety of cultures and different customs that enrich and make Indonesia one of the countries that are known for having cultural diversity. Because soon there will be a Galungan Day Celebration, so I will discuss what the Galungan is ?, and what are the interesting things about the Galungan Celebration , so for the readers who don’t know about Galungan , here I will explain . And for those who want to vacation in this Island of Gods and love the culture and customs I recommend visiting this Galungan Celebration .
Galungan Day Celebration is one of the various types of festivities celebrated by Hindus in Bali. Galungan Day Celebration is a celebration of the day of victory of the Dharma (goodness) against Adharma (evil), namely the victory of truth through the blessing of Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa or the Almighty God . Galungan 2019 (Bali). From: Monday, July 22
To:Saturday, August 3 . Dates may vary.
|Name of day||Activities|
|3 days before||Penyekeban||Cooking of bananas for offerings|
|2 days before||Penyajaan||Making of jaja (fried rice cakes)|
|1 day before||Penampahan||Slaughtering of pigs or chicken for feasts|
|1 day after||Manis Galungan||Visiting family|
|10 days after||Kuningan||Prayers, offerings – spirits return to heaven|
|11 days after||Manis Kuningan||Fun|
These are some of the activities carried out during the Galungan Celebration :
a. Installing Penjor for Decoration of Galungan Day Celebration
Galungan marks the beginning of the most important recurring religious ceremonies. The spirits of deceased relatives who have died and been cremated return to visit their former homes, and the current inhabitants have a responsibility to be hospitable through prayers and offerings. The most obvious sign of the celebrations are the Penjor – bamboo poles with offerings suspended at the end. These are installed by the side of roads. A number of days around the Kuningan day have special names, and are marked by the organization of particular activities.
b .Jempana War ” The War of The Gods “
If you have the opportunity to visit Bali when Galungan and Kuningan Holidays arrive, there is no harm in visiting Paksebali Village, Klungkung. Because the residents of Banjar Panti Timrah in this village each year hold a tradition known as the Jempana War.
Also known as Dewa Masraman, Jempana War has been around since 1500. War of Jempana is usually carried out every 210 days, right on the day of Saniscara Kliwon Kuningan. When carrying out the Jempana War tradition, local residents will carry a stretcher (jempana) containing offerings and symbols of the Gods.
c .Ngelawang Barong
Ngelawang is done to celebrate the Dharma victory over Adharma. It is said that the performance of Ngelawang is believed to bring blessings, salvation, inner peace and peace to Hindus. Ngelawang can be done from morning, afternoon, even at night. Barong that surrounds the village in certain places will be contracted accompanied by Gamelan. At that time many residents asked the Barong group to contract in front of their house, then deliver the Canang with a saris of money.
According to Hindu beliefs, Barong is a symbol of the embodiment of the Banas Pati Raja which can protect humans from danger and disease outbreaks. Not all places or villages have the tradition of Ngelawang and performing Barong Bangkung, only in some places that have the ancestral cultural heritage, so also the procedures for its implementation are sometimes also different but in essence have the same purpose.
d . Ngurek
Ngurek is one of the attractions of stabbing yourself by using a dagger, this event takes place when the actors / participants Ngurek are in a state of possession (outside of self awareness). In some religious rituals in Bali, this Ngurek tradition must be carried out, this is the same as symbolizing one’s devoted form which is offered to Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa (God Almighty).
Ngurek or what can be called Ngunying includes one of the Dewa Yad ceremonies, or in the Hindu belief ‘Offering to God the Almighty’. The word Ngurek comes from the word ‘Urek’ in Balinese which means to puncture or pierce, so Ngurek can be interpreted as a process that aims to puncture / pierce one’s own body with a dagger, spear, or other instrument in an unconscious condition.
e. Gerebeg Mekotek
Gerebeg Mekotek is a tradition of refusing reinforcements carried out by Hindu people who live in the village of Adat Munggu, Mengwi District, Kab. Tabanan, Bali. Conducted routinely every 210 days according to the Balinese calendar, Gerebeg Mekotek is carried out right on Kuningan Day, or 10 days after Galungan Day.
Formerly the Mekotek tradition was used as a welcoming ceremony for the Mengwi Kingdom troops who won the war against the Kingdom of Blambangan. In the Dutch colonial era, precisely in 1915, the Meccan tradition was stopped because the colonial party feared a rebellion.
Unfortunately the decision did not bear fruit, the population was exposed to an outbreak of disease, so that finally after tough negotiations, Mekotek was allowed to be held again. The mekotek tradition is done with 2.5 meters of wood which has been peeled.
Wood is used to replace the role of the spear to avoid serious injuries. Residents who follow the Mekotek tradition will be divided into several groups. And from group members, will be elected by brave people as command to give orders from the top of the pyramid pyramid.
Well, who wants to visit Bali and want to witness the unique culture of Galungan day celebrations, get ready for the budget well, you won’t regret it. Note the date of the adventurers.