Ngayah – The Sincerity and Selflessly in Balinese Mutual Cooperation
As we know Bali is the best tourist destination in the world which offers interesting culture and unique Balinese daily life. Tradition or culture can’t spread from Balinese people daily life like dance, subak irrigation system and many more. Balinese people have one unique tradition, it called by Ngayah.
Ngayah” is finishing work with sincerity and selflessly which is done by mutual cooperation. This term was adopted etymological terms of the political context and the feudal culture of the days of the kings of Bali, which is from the word “Ayah” that emanated from the culture patrilineal / Patriarchate, especially with regard to the system of inheritance. Then later became “ayahan” which is very specific is referring to Land ayahan village (as an integral part of indigenous lands) and the penalties.
The Obligations must be fulfilled / lived by the people (who inhabit the ayahan land) as one form of responsibility. In relation to these obligations can be divided into three, those are;
• The Obligation of Religion and Territorial like the responsible to Kahyangan Tiga Temple ( Pengayah Pura or the person who has responsible to temple)
• The Obligation of the all social-cultural activities in Banjar Adat or the a community centre for a designated number of families ( Pengayah Banjar Adat or the person who has responsible to Banjar Adat)
• The Obligation of dedication and loyalty to the king. (Pengayah Puri).
Balinese people daily life
Usually, the man will make a penjor, doctorate the temple, make the traditional food or make the pancak (the place put the offering). The woman will make the banten or offering from coconut leaf and sweep the temple. If the and the ceremony, many child will dance rejang dewa or the holiest dance, it also called by ngayah.
Beside Ngayah, Bali also has one mutual assistance tradition, it called by Nguopin, but Nguopin is small scup than Ngayah. If the Ngayah was conducted in the Temple or Banjar, but the Nguwopin only help the neighbor. The ngayah or nguopin are unique tradition that should not be lost in Balinese People Life. Because it can create a sense of brotherhood and build unity through activities carried out mutual cooperation without any expectation of reward.