When you walk around in Bali while enjoying your holiday, you probably see one small square or round palm leaf made, filled with colorful flowers putting on the ground either in front of houses, shops or temples. Those things called Canang.
Balinese Daily Offering
Canang is the simple daily offerings but it is very important. Canang is divided by 2 words, “Can” means beautiful and “Nang means the purpose which is taken from Kawi or Ancient Java Language Canang is the symbol of thankfulness to the Hindu God, Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa. It is offered every day as a form of thanking for the peace had given to the world. Beside of that, it can be form of thanking for what we got on our life.
Canang has some parts; there are peporosan, ceper, raka-raka, and sampian urasari. Peporosan or the core material is made from betel leaf, lime, gambier, prestige, tobacco and betel nuts. Material of peporosan symbolizes the Trimurti, the three major Hindu Gods. Shiva is symbolized by lime, Vishnu is symbolized by betel nut, and Brahma is symbolized by gambier. Canang is covered by ceper (a tray made from palm leaf) as a symbol of Ardha Candra. Raka-raka is topped with sampian urasari, which are in turn overlaid by flowers. Canang normally filled with colorful flowers. The colors of the flowers are white, red, yellow, blue or green. Those colors are not randomly chosen; they have different meaning and are placed in specific directions.
1. White-colored flowers, is put in the east as a symbol of Iswara God. Iswara is regarded as one of the primary forms of God. He is also known as Shiva or Mahadewa.
2. Red-colored flowers, is put in the south as a symbol of Brahma God. Brahma is often called by The Creator of God.
3. Yellow-colored flowers, is put in the west as a symbol of Mahadewa God. Mahadewa means “Great god”.
4. Blue or green colored flowers, is put in the north as a symbol of Wisnu God. Wisnu is conceived as “the Preserver”.
If you find canang on the ground when you are walking around street, do not step over or step on it because it is considered as not respecting the culture and the religion. Especially, the incense is still burning on the top of canang.