Toraja is an area in Indonesia. Toraja or also known as Tana Toraja is one of the regencies in South Sulawesi Province. Local wisdom that is still strong makes the Toraja tribe still has unique characteristics. mystical nuance that is undeniable has become one of the attractions of Toraja tourism. In addition, historical sites such as burials on rock cliffs, hundreds of years old traditional houses, megalithic relics such as simbuang stones, which to this day are still preserved and maintained in the tradition of the Toraja people. A tribute to grandchildren for the grandeur of ancestral civilization. This makes many tourists who want to visit Tana Toraja. Tana Toraja itself is on the island of Sulawesi, more precisely South Sulawesi, the district of Tana Toraja.
Tana Toraja is famous for its people who have fairly strict beliefs, rules and traditional rituals. According to a myth that has been told for generations, the original ancestors of the Toraja people are believed to have come from heaven and descended directly to earth using stairs. This ladder then functions as a communication medium between the ancestors and Puang Matua (God in the beliefs of the Toraja people).
A cluster of tongkonan, traditional boat houses of the people of Tana Toraja in Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Well, curious about the exoticism of culture, customs, and traditions in Tana Toraja which has worldwide? The following will be reviewed tourist destinations in Tana Toraja that will make you love Indonesia more. Listen, yes!
a. Different kinds of Grave
Baby’s grave inside the tree
“Liang” Grave in Lo’ko Mata
Maybe you are one of the readers who are surprised, why some of the attractions in Toraja actually offer tourist attractions that seem a little scary, instead of showing off the beauty of nature. However, that’s the way it is and in fact, this unique grave in Toraja has become a special attraction for foreign and local tourists. The graves in Toraja are various, there are hanging graves, stone graves, cave graves, and tree graves. Each grave is quite unique because each grave has its own story. For example, like a baby who died and has not yet grown teeth, it will be buried in the Tarra Tree with the intention that the baby can drink the sap of the tree instead of breast milk.
b. Tongkongan Traditional House
Not infrequently we hear when fellow Toraja ask from which Tongkonan? yaa Tongkonan is the root of the family tree of the Toraja people. It would be sad if the young generation of Toraja forgot or pretended to forget the origin of their family’s ancestors.
This traditional architectural art, according to the oral tradition of the Toraja people, believes that the form was motivated by the arrival of the ancestors of the Toraja by boat. The shape of the boat is the inspiration for making the Tongkonan house, so the shape of the roof rises forwards and backwards. This boat-shaped traditional house is also commonly called Lembang (still remember the lyrics of the song Toraja; “garagan ki ‘Lembang Sura’, lopi on maya-maya”)
This typical Toraja traditional house, in addition to functioning as a residence, also has a function and role and meaning that is very important and of high value in the life of the Toraja people. Tongkonan, the building with a boat-shaped roof is considered a heritage and inheritance of property from the person who first built the Tongkonan.
Tongkonan is the center of Toraja social life. The ritual associated with this traditional house is very important in the spiritual life of the Toraja people. The word Tongkonan is derived from the word “Tongkon” (sit_collect) meaning that the Tongkonan house is occupied to sit listening and a place to discuss and resolve all important problems of community members and their offspring.
c.”Ma’Nene” corpse change ceremony
In Toraja there is a ritual or habit in the funeral procession that is quite unique and may seem scary. A corpse that has been buried for years on a high cliff, a stone tomb, or a patani grave will be ransacked by changing all the clothes and dressed like a living person. At this time the ma’nene program that we can see in toraja is no longer a dead body as it did in the past but now it is only limited to changing the body clothes / mummies and then moving the corpse like a person walking.
d. Rambu Solo
Signs solo is a ceremony that aims to honor and deliver the spirits of someone who has died to the spirit realm – local people call it puya.
There is a difference in the solo sign ceremony held by various Toraja tribal communities. However, the main purpose of holding this ceremony remains the same. This time, the solok sign ceremony was held by one of the Toraja tribal community named Kete Kesu. Kete Kesu occupies Kampung Bonoran, Tikunna Malening Village, North Toraja, about 14 km from Rantepao City.
Only by paying IDR 5,000 for local tourists and IDR 10,000 for foreign tourists, visitors can enter and see cultural heritage in the Kete Kesu traditional area. Entering the Kete Kesu area, visitors will be greeted by a vast expanse of rice fields, complete with several buffaloes that are being pastored. For the Toraja people, buffalo is an animal that is considered sacred. This animal is believed to accompany the spirits of those who have died. The more the number of buffalo used in the solo sign ceremony, there is a belief that the spirit will be faster to the spirit realm.
e. Toraja woven fabric
Toraja Woven Fabric is one of the heritage that is still preserved until today. Toraja woven fabric has a very high position in the culture of the Toraja people. Woven cloth plays an important role in various traditional ceremonies, also using symbols of prosperity and glory. In the past, only certain people were able to own the cloth, including the aristocracy or capable economic community.
f. Toraja’s coffee
Starting from the hands of farmers in the mountains of Toraja, to spread all over the world, Toraja coffee has left traces of the scent of pride for this country. Enjoying Toraja coffee in its original place after exploring the beautiful, beautiful Toraja nature will certainly be the desire of coffee connoisseurs.
Imagine drinking Toraja coffee in the yard of Tongkonan in the afternoon, looking at the green hills and the expanse of yellowing rice fields, small children who are still playing, farmers returning home, buffaloes and pigs that start noisy in cages, singing birds – birds chime together bamboo groves, aah … let the imagination loose without bound to the fairyland. Or rather pieces of heaven in the heart of Sulawesi.
Toraja coffee is a type of Arabica coffee that has its own characteristics, try to enjoy it without using sugar or sweeteners, we will feel the savory taste that is rarely found in local coffees in other regions. This savory taste is one of the main characteristics of Toraja coffee which makes people addicted to enjoying this coffee.
Toraja coffee is a commodity to be reckoned with, Japan and America are the main importers of this coffee. Even in Japan, the Toraja coffee trademark has been patented by Key Coffee. In some cafes in the world have their own class at a price that is certainly not cheap. Unfortunately, this classy price is not directly proportional to the welfare of coffee farmers in their original place.
Each region has a different beauty and a variety of uniqueness, one of which is the land of Toraja, come and see for yourself how unique this Toraja land.